The gemstone Tourmaline is the authorized birthstone for October as adopted by the American National alliance of Jewelers in 1912. It is also the traditional birthstone for October, the pebble for the Zodiac symbol of Leo, and the conventional gem for the 8th wedding anniversary. The title Tourmaline arises from the Sinhalese (Sri Lanka) word tura Mali which translates as the stone of varied colors. These stones are 7 to 7.5 of rigidness on the Mohs' scale of hardness.
Tourmaline is accessible in a extensive diversity of colors from black to bluish-black, dark brown, yellow, medium brown, blue to neon blue, lime to dark forest green, red and reddish purple, yellow, pink, and colorless. Bi-colored and multicolored tourmalines may be green at one end and pink at the other; watermelon tourmalines are bottle green on the outside and pink within. Some stones are diachronic meaning they become visible to modify color when seen from diverse angles.
The most luxurious tourmalines are the blue indico-lite, green verdelite and pink rubellite. Cat's Eye Tourmaline flaunts a "cat's eye" effect analogous to what is generally seen in tiger's eye cabochons. Chrome Tourmaline is colored by chromium consequential in a good-looking green stone that is habitually perplexed with emerald or the tsavorite garnet. Indicolite is a dark bluish black stone. The Paraiba tourmaline is a dazzling neon-blue and Rubellite is a yawning reddish purple stone. Schorl is the tag provided to black tourmalines which the most are generally found tourmalines. Tourmalines are hauled ubiquitously in the earth counting Africa, Afghanistan, Africa, Australia, Brazil, Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, Nigeria, Pakistan, Siberia, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, the USA, and Zimbabwe.
Myths, Legend, and curative Properties:
Prehistoric legend reveals that tourmaline is spotted in all colors because it traveled alongside a rainbow and collected all the rainbow's colors. Tourmaline is whispered to reinforce the body and strength, specially the nervous system, blood, and lymph's. It is also considered to encourage originality and was utilized expansively as a talisman by artists and writers.