Topaz is the birthstone of the elite born in November (yellow topaz) and December (blue topaz); it is a talisman for the symbol of Sagittarius and the recommended anniversary gemstone for the 4th, 19th or 23rd year of wedding. The nomenclature topaz arises from the Sanskrit term and spells conflagration.
Topaz happens in an extensive variety of colors counting red, orange, peach, pink, gold, yellow, brown and clear and is spotted in Brazil, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Russia. Unsurprisingly pale to medium blue topaz is improved by irradiation to vitalize a more powerful blue color. Red and pink topaz gems were utilized in the jewelry of the 18th and 19th Century Russian Czarinas and is one of the reasons why topaz is at times termed "Imperial Topaz".
The most celebrated topaz is essentially a monochrome topaz that was formerly deliberated to be a diamond. It is a 1680 carat stone recognized as the "Braganza Diamond" set in the Portuguese Crown ornaments. An additional stunning topaz is in the Green Vault in Dresden which possess one of the world's most significant gem compilations.
Although topaz is an extremely firm gemstone, an 8 on the Mohs scale of hardness testing, it can be cracked with a solitary blow and should be secluded from hard knocks. During the Medieval Ages topaz was reflected to cure both corporeal and psychological disorders and avert death. The Greeks assumed that it had authority to augment muscle and to make its wearer imperceptible while the Romans assumed that it had authority to perk up eyesight. The Egyptians wear it as a good luck charm to defend them from harm.