Beryl is usually unfamiliar to the common
public, even the gemstone traders. However, it is one of the
many important gem minerals. Beryl is monochrome in unadulterated form;
it is the numerous dissimilar impurities that bestow beryl its assorted
coloration. Without these fabulous color variants, beryl would be some
normal gemstone with only run of the mill fire and radiance. Emerald is
the green range and Aquamarine is the blue range of beryl. Other shades
of beryl are also utilized as gemstones but are not as familiar as the
The greenish-yellow range is known
as the Heliodor.
The pink range is known as the Morganite.
The colorless range is known as the
The name beryl is utilized for the red and golden variants, which are just referred as red beryl and golden beryl, respectively.
Emerald is exceedingly prized and is one of the mainly valued gemstones. Its green tint is undisputed and all the other similar green gemstones are evaluated to its concentration. Emerald samplings are frequently "flawed" with mineral additions and splinters; contrasting other gems, these are measured as part of the stones' "personality." These blemishes actually help find out natural from unnaturally produced stones.
Colorless beryl is called goshenite, pink beryl is morganite, red beryl is bixbite or "red emerald" or "scarlet emerald," clear bright yellow beryl is "golden beryl," yellow-green beryl is heliodor, green beryl is emerald, blue beryl is aquamarine, and deep blue beryl is maxixe. Red beryl is extremely rare and is not used in jewelry as the crystals it forms are very small; it is mined primarily in Utah. Blue beryl (aquamarine) will not fade when exposed to sunlight. Maxixe is a deep blue stone that fades into white when exposed to sunlight or is subjected to heat treatment, though the color returns with irradiation. Other, unnamed shades such as honey yellow are also known.
Beryl of various colors is found most commonly in granitic pegmatites, but also occurs in mica schists in the Ural Mountains, and limestone in Colombia. Beryl is often associated with tin and tungsten ore bodies. Beryl is found in Europe in Austria, Germany, and Ireland, as well as Brazil, Colombia, Madagascar (especially morganite), Russia, South Africa, the United States, and Zambia. U.S. beryl locations are in California, Colorado, Idaho, New Hampshire, North Carolina, South Dakota, and Utah.
The most famous source of emeralds in the world is from Muzo and Chivor, Boyacá, Colombia, where they make a unique appearance in a limestone. Emeralds are also found in the Transvaal, South Africa; Minas Gerais, Brazil; Zambia, and near Mursinka in the Urals in Russia. In the United States, emeralds are found in North Carolina.