The great Star of Africa or "Cullinan" diamond was established in the year 1905, in the leading Mine at Pretoria, South Africa, and possessed its name from Mr. T. M. Cullinan, then one of the principal officials of the African mine when the precious finding happened. It was then taken over by the Union Government of South Africa, and offered to Edward VII. To be studded on to the Crown Jewels of the kingdom. The coarse diamond was cut into 4 grand brilliants and several smaller ones.
The principal fraction is drop-shaped, It weighs in at 516 1/2 carats, and dimensions to 2 5-16th inches in length and 1 13- 16th at its broadest section. It is positioned in the cranium of the King's Sceptre. The 2nd major fraction is positioned in the band of the King's State Crown, just positioned underneath the Black Prince's ruby. The 3rd and 4th portions were deposited in Queen Mary's Crown.
The premature narration of the Stuart sapphire is to some extent incomprehensible, though it in all probability belonged to Charles II., and was unquestionably in the middle of the royal Jewels which James II., treasured to take with him when he fled to France. From him it conceded to his son, Charles Edward, the elderly opponent, who bestowed it to his son, Henry Bentinck, identified later on as Cardinal York. The Stuart basis being dead Cardinal York left the sapphire with supplementary Stuart vestiges, to be then taken over by George III.
In Queen Victoria's State coronet this fine precious stone engaged an outstanding location in the frontage of the band just beneath the Black Prince's ruby. This pride of position it relinquished in favor of the Star of Africa and now positions a precisely reverse setting at the reverse of the King's State Crown.
The sapphire of St. Edward in the middle of the cross patée on the pinnacle of the King's State coronet is seized to encompass in the Coronation Ring of Edward the Confessor, who mounted the Throne in 1042. How the precious stone and ring passed all the way through the terrible desolation of the Commonwealth is not apparent, but a diminutive editorial of this sort might with no trouble break out unnoticed, concealed, as was the Ampulla, in Westminster Abbey, or masked by some dedicated aficionado of the Stuarts. It was hypothetical in the older days to comprise the magic supremacy of therapeutic towards cramp.